Individual: The most common Nordic combined race is the individual race, also known as the Individual Gundersen. Prior to 2008, this event encompassed two jumps from the normal ski jumping hill, and 15 km of cross-country skiing. Points are scored in ski jumping for distance and style. The athlete earns 2 points per meter jumped, or 1.2 points for hills with a K-point of 100 meters or farther, and the style points range between 3 and 30 per jump. In the cross-country race, a 15-point lead in the ski jump equals a one-minute head start. The racers with the most ski jumping points start first, followed by the next best jumper, who starts after as much time as there was difference in their jumping scores. This means that the first skier to cross the finish line is the winner of the event. This method of competition, also known as the Gundersen method, was introduced in the mid 1980s. Before, athletes would start the final race in intervals and the gold medal would be decided on points. For the 2009 championships, this event changed to a single jump from the normal hill followed by a 10 km cross-country race using the Gundersen system. This also applies to the large hill ski jump event, formerly known as the sprint. At a May 28, 2009 meeting in Dubrovnik, Croatia, it was stated that the 2008 format of one ski jump hill followed by the 10 km cross country skiing event passed the test, resulting in a doubling of television coverage from the previous season.
Mass start: In the mass start event, the cross-country race is held first. The winner of that event receives 120 points, the others get 15 points subtracted for each minute they finish behind the leader. In the ski jump event no style points are awarded, although jumpers receive fewer points for falling or failing to make a Telemark landing. The winner of this event is determined on a points-based system. This event made its debut at the 2009 FIS Nordic World Ski Championships in Liberec.
Sprint: In the sprint event, only one jump is performed on the large hill and the cross-country distance is 7.5 km. For the 2009 championships, this event changed to a single jump from the large hill followed by a 10 km cross country race using the Gundersen system.
Hurricane sprint: Recently, a newer form of Nordic competition called "hurricane sprint" was introduced. It's similar to the sprint and uses the Gundersen method, but it's based on extra distance instead of extra time. The distance is still 7.5 km, but only the best contestant from the ski jumping event will run that distance. Everyone else starts a given distance behind, based on their ski jumping scores. The estimated official speed of a cross-country skier is 6 miles per second, and competitors start 24 meters behind the leader for every point they are behind to roughly match the time penalties in the Gundersen method. This form is on the program for the 2007–08 FIS Nordic Combined World Cup.
Nordic Combined events will take place Saturday, Feb. 4 at the Olympic Jumping Complex in Lake Placid, New York.
- 9 a.m. to 11 a.m.: Open training K20 and K48
- 11 a.m.: K20 competition
- Noon: K48 competition
- 2 p.m.: Nordic combined/cross-country
Registration fees are non-refundable. In the event of a medical or family emergency a refund may be given. A refund request must be made in writing to be considered.