Speed Skating

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1/23/15 Entries to date


 


                                                                


 


2015 Speed Skating Qualifications for 2015  Empire State Winter Games


Empire State Winter Games athletes for long or short track speed skating must:


1. Be current members of US Speed Skating;


2. Be residents of NY State.  Be enrolled in a NYS School or College. Be a member of Northern New York Speed Skating Association.


`3. THE ATHLETE GOES ON LINE TO OFFICIALLY REGISTER AND PAY THE ENTRY FEE(S).


2015 Speedskating Distances and Age groups.  (May change to Ability Meet.  Class groupings based on times female and males in same groups).  Age as of July 1, 2014 determines which group you skate in.


REGISTRATION WILL CLOSE FOR SPEED SKATING JANUARY 25, 2015.


Speedskating Long Track (8 and under) 100m/200m/500m,1600m Pack Style


Speedskating Long Track (9 to 10) 100m/200m/500m, 1600m Pack Style


Speedskating Long Track  (11 -13) 100m/500m/800m, 1600m Pack Style


Speedskating Long Track  (14-17)  500m/1000m/1500m/3000m Pack Style


Speedskating Long Track  (18 and over) 500m/1000m/1500m/3000m Pack Style


Speedskating Short Track (8 and under)  222m/333m/500m


Speedskating Short Track (9-10)) 222m/333m/500m


Speedskating Short Track  (11 -13) 333m/500m/777m


Speedskating Short Track  (14-17) 500m/1000m/1500m


Speedskating Short Track Open (18 and over) 500m/1000m/1500m


 


Speed skating is a competitive form of ice skating in which the competitors race each other in travelling a certain distance on skates. Types of speed skating are long track speed skating, short track speed skating, and marathon speed skating. In the Olympic Games, long-track speed skating is usually referred to as just "speed skating", while short-track speed skating is known as "short track". The ISU, the governing body of both ice sports, refers to long track as "speed skating" and short track as "short track skating".


Long track speed skating 

The standard rink for long track is 400 meters long, but tracks of 200, 250 and 333⅓ meters are used occasionally. It is one of two Olympic forms of the sport and the one with the longer history. An international federation was founded in 1892, the first for any winter sport. The sport enjoys large popularity in the Netherlands and Norway. There are top international rinks in a number of other countries, including Canada, the United States, Germany, Italy, Japan, South Korea and Russia. A World Cup circuit is held with events in those countries and with two events in Thialf, the ice hall in Heerenveen, Netherlands.


International Skating Union rules allow some leeway in the size and radius of curves.


Short-track 

Short track speed skating takes place on a smaller rink, normally the size of an ice hockey rink, on a 111.12 m oval track. Distances are shorter than in long-track racing, with the longest Olympic individual race being 1500 meters (the women's relay is 3000 meters and the men's relay 5000 meters). Races are usually held as knockouts, with the best two in heats of four or five qualifying for the final race, where medals are awarded. Disqualifications and falls are not uncommon.


Individual start

There are variations on the mass-start races. In the regulations of roller sports, eight different types of mass starts are described. Among them are elimination races, where one or more competitors are eliminated at fixed points during the course; simple distance races, which may include preliminary knockout races; endurance races with time limits instead of a fixed distance; points races; and individual pursuits.


Races usually have some rules about disqualification if an opponent is unfairly hindered; these rules vary between the disciplines. In long track speed skating, almost any infringement on the pairmate is punished, though skaters are permitted to change from the inner to the outer lane out of the final curve if they are not able to hold the inner curve, as long as they are not interfering with the other skater. In mass-start races, skaters will usually be allowed some physical contact.


Team races are also held; in long track speed skating, the only team race at the highest level of competition is the team pursuit, though athletics-style relay races are held at children's competitions. Relay races are also held in short track and inline competitions, but here, exchanges may take place at any time during the race, though exchanges may be banned during the last couple of laps.


Most races are held on an oval course, but there are exceptions. Oval sizes vary; in short track speed skating, the rink must be an oval of 111.12 metres, while long track speed skating uses a similarly standardized 400 m rink. Inline skating rinks are between 125 and 400 metres, though banked tracks can only be 250 metres long. Inline skating can also be held on closed road courses between 400 and 1,000 metres, as well as open-road competitions where starting and finishing lines do not coincide. This is also a feature of outdoor marathons.


Registration fees are non refundable. In the event of a medical or family emergency a refund may be given. A refund request must be made in written to be considered.